Arduino or Raspberry PI?

We want to tell a little about the raspberry boards, compare the characteristics with the Arduino and find out what projects on what to perform better.

Raspberry Pi — a single-board computer the size of a bank card, originally developed as a budget system for teaching computer science, which subsequently received a much wider application and popularity than its authors expected.

By definition from Wikipedia is a small computer. Its characteristics and comparison with Arduino in the photo and in the table below.

Dimensions:

Characteristic

Raspberry Pi 3

Arduino UNO

Hardware

RAM

1024 MB

2 KB

ROM

up to 64 GB (micro sd card)

32 KB

Processor \ microcontroller

64 bit Broadcom BCM2837

8-bit AVR Atmega328

Clock frequency

4 cores by 1,2 GHz

16 MHz

Interfaces

Power

5V through micro USB

5V through USB type b or 7-12 V with external power supply

Ethernet

10/100 Mbps

-*

WIFI

802.11b/g/n

-*

Bluetooth

BLE 4.1

-*

Pins

40 (27 GPIO)

32 (20 GPIO) \ depends on the model

Analog pins

-

6 \ depends on the model

Audio\video

jack 3.5 mm

HDMI

-

USB

4*USB 2.0

1 micro USB for power delivery

USB type b for power delivery and data transfer

Other

I2C, SPI, UART, CSI, DSI

I2C, SPI, UART

Other

Screen/monitor

monitor with HDMI

screen with SPI, DSI

Multipixel screen

Camera

with CSI\USB

with pain

OS

Linux, Windows 10 IoT, others

-

Price

About 35$

About 5$


*  You can connect additional modules using part of the pins.

Subtotal based on the characteristics.

Raspberry Pi is a computer with an operating system (Linux, Windows 10 IoT, others). It supports multi-tasking, has 4 USB ports and can be connected to the Internet.

The simplicity of the Arduino makes it more convenient in typical hardware projects. Arduino has analog features that are missing by default in the Raspberry Pi. Its flexibility allows it to work with almost any type of sensor.

Now let's look at typical tasks when working with both boards:


Application

Raspberry PI

Arduino

Work with simple sensors

Yes, but harder

Yes

 

Work with complex sensors

Yes

Yes, but harder

Analog sensors

Yes, but harder

Yes

Internet connection

Yes

Yes, but with additional modules

GUI with mouse

Yes

No

Robot controller

Yes, but harder

Yes

Camera

Yes

With pain

Home cinema

Yes

No

Simple smart house

Yes, but harder

Yes

Sophisticated smart home

Yes

No

Personal Computer

Yes

No


Total: Arduino - cheap board for simple tasks.

Raspberry costs many times more but also solves much more difficult tasks.

On our sites, you can get a lot of training materials on electronics, robotics, and programming.

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